Finding a job or making a career change can often prove to be a “job” in itself. And it’s a job for which most people get no formal training. Effective job searching requires research and strategy as well as old-fashioned common sense.
Creating a job-search strategy will keep you grounded, less stressed, and ultimately more successful. If your search needs a boost, think as a journalist would—but with yourself as the lead story. Focus on the “Who, What, When, Where, and How.”
- Target a specific industry and position. Don’t waste time searching or applying for jobs you don’t really want.
- Identify the type of employer you think you’d be interested in—large, small, entrepreneurial, nonprofit?
- Identify “age friendly” employers by visiting the AARP Work & Jobs Site and RetirementJobs.com
- Assess yourself. What are you looking for in a job? What are your “must-haves” and your “nice-to-haves”? What are the things that don’t matter to you?
- Look at all options—full-time, temporary, part-time, contract, or seasonal work; consider a broad range of jobs and industries.
- Know your skills and match them to the job you are seeking.
- Consider a job with less responsibility if you’re changing careers.
- If you have recently been laid off, take a couple of weeks, if you can, to get that experience behind you. Rather than jumping in and trying to get interviews, focus on developing your job-search strategy. Consider a part-time job to generate needed cash.
- Carve out a specific time to begin and end your job-search efforts each day.
- Spend about 4–6 hours a day on your search, but make sure you add some variety. For example, do industry research for an hour, research employers for an hour, then do some networking and follow-up with contacts.
- Be sure to take time for yourself and your family. A balanced life is as important when you’re looking for a job as when you’re working.
- If you are conducting your search from home, make sure you have a “professional” set-up, with a phone and computer.
- Find a quiet place where you won’t be interrupted or distracted by doing household chores or watching TV.
- Don’t stay glued to your computer screen. Attend networking events and career fairs. Contact your Alma Mater’s career center (many have alumni services).
- Visit the gym, take a walk, or go for a run. Being out of work is one of the best times to get in shape. You’ll feel better about yourself and make a good impression during those important first moments with interviewers.
- Have a “conservative” e-mail address. For example firstname.lastname@example.org, not email@example.com.
- Make sure you can respond to potential employers quickly – keep your cell phone handy.
- Network to find the hidden job markets. Try to get interviews with hiring managers rather than concentrating only on Human Resources.
- Be positive. Get help. Build your support system. Consider a career coach. \
- If you feel that an employer is discriminating against you in the hiring process, move on to the next employer. Although you may be angry, you can do yourself more harm than good if you take time out of your job search to fight an employer.
Finally: You may be tempted to think that all you need to do to get a job is to highlight your years of experience. Not so! Make sure you translate those years of experience into skills and accomplishments that are required for the job you are seeking. Target your search, manage your time, and always continue networking.